Croatia is a 'country of thousand islands', known for its unspoilt nature and crystal-clear sea. It is situated in the southeastern Europe, and it is recognized as one of the best sailing destinations in the world. Lately, Croatia has emerged as a new hit destination. Numerous tourists from all over the world are drawn to Croatia each year to enjoy various types of vacations. National parks, nature parks, beautiful blue sea, long sandy and rocky beaches, mountains, enchanting plains, caves and other natural resources are a real little paradise for those who want more from their vacation.
The surface of the land area is 56,594 km2, and the surface of the territorial sea is 31,064 km2. The overall population of Croatia is 4,437,460 inhabitants. The national composition: the majority of the population are Croats; national minorities are Serbs, Slovenes, Hungarians, Bosnians, Italians, Czechs and others.
Croatia is a multi-party parliamentary republic. The capital city is Zagreb.
Croatia has an amazing 5,835 km of coastline, 4,058 km of which belongs to islands cliffs and reefs. There are 1,185 islands in the Adriatic, while only 47 are populated. The highest peak is Dinara, 1,831 m above the sea level.
The official currency of the Republic of Croatia is Kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices, travel agencies, hotels, camps, marinas, checks can be cashed in banks. Croatian Kuna (HRK or KN); 1 EUR = approx. 7.4 kn, 1 USD = approx. 6 kn.
Inland, the climate is continental with snow during the winter months, while on the coast the Mediterranean climate prevails with mild and rainy winters and warm and sunny summers. The weather is excellent for sailing from April to October, and during this period there are most tourists visiting Croatia.
The summer temperature reaches up to 38°C, and the temperature of the sea surface at this time can be up to 26°C. There are lots of spring sunny days in March, but unpleasant March showers occur from time to time, while early fall is an ideal time for visiting Croatia for all those looking for some rest. Out of the high season the beaches are no longer crowded, the prices of accommodation are noticeably lower, the weather is stable and the sea temperature is pleasant.
In general, you can travel along the Croatian coast during the whole year. In the winter, however, you will need some warm clothes in spite of the mild Mediterranean climate. Along the shore the temperatures rarely, almost never drop to zero, but because of the wind it can be chilly.